(He Shou Wu in Chinese pinyin, hereinafter referred to as HSW) is the root ofPolygonum multiflorum, a member of Polygonaceae. hypoleucum, syn. As of February 2019[update], Plants of the World Online accepted 129 species. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Dec 12, 2019. The genus name is usually said to be from the Greek πολυ- (poly-, 'many') and γόνυ (gonu, 'knee' or 'joint'), in reference to the swollen jointed stem. Former genera such as Polygonella have been subsumed into Polygonum; other genera have been split off. Common name(s): Solomon’s Seal, David’s Harp, Ladder-to-Heaven Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Asparagaceae, Nolinoideae subfamily Origin: Asia (Caucasus, Nepal, Turkey), Europe More infos: A variegated cultivar is available. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Fo-Ti is widely used to strengthen the lower back and knees. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. The roots are the main plant part of interest and are harvested and dried in autumn when they are 3 to 4 years of age, but the stems and leaves are also used. It is in flower from July to September. The genus primarily grows in northern temperate regions. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Common Name: He Shou Wu. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. Sorting Polygonum names. When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with much branched stems. Of the 217 supplement products implicated in liver injury, fo-ti was among the 22% (116) of the single-ingredient products.55, Reviews of the toxic effects, possibly dose- and duration-related, of P. multiflorum on the liver have been published. Fo-Ti is believed to als… Hepatotoxicity is largely reversible; however, deaths have been reported.50, 51, 52 Nephrotoxicity and embryonic toxicity53 have also been reported and attributed to the quinone constituents emodin and rhein.5, 37, Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside and emodin appear to have neuro-, nephro-, and hepatoprotective effects.30, 32, 43, 48, 54 In mice, processing the raw roots increased emodin and decreased tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside content and diminished observed toxicity.13, In rats, tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside was detected in the liver and lungs in the highest concentrations, but not in brain and testes tissues.6 Mutagenicity and toxicity to lung tissue have also been described.5. Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) P. multiflorum is used at daily doses of 9 to 15 g of raw herb, but clinical studies are lacking. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Clarifying the circumscription of genera split from Polygonum was described in 2015 as "still ongoing". 5.1 Polygonum multiflorum in Traditional Chinese Medicine; 6 Background; 7 Nomenclature. Other Common Names: Climbing knotweed, flowery knotweed, fo-ti, fo-ti-teng, he shou wu, or ho shou wu. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. It is known as tuber fleeceflower and Chinese knotweed. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. : 823837 (Download Help) Polygonum multiflorum TSN 823837 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Common Name(s): tuber fleeceflower [English] Accepted Name(s): Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Common names include knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, smartweed and several others. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb belongs to the Polygonaceae family of plants. Embryonic toxicity has been reported. Lin HW, Sun MX, Wang YH, et al. The plant is self-fertile. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. Raw, wine- or steam-processed, or cured fo-ti is available in the United States.1, 2, 3, 4, Radix Polygoni multiflori or he shou wu is a popular Chinese tonic herb, whose usage dates back to 713 AD.2 Fo-ti appears to be a name given to the preparation for use in areas where Chinese is not the primary language.4 It is considered one of the country's great 4 herbal tonics, along with angelica, lycium, and panax, and is used to increase liver and kidney function and to cleanse the blood.3 The plant is also prescribed for symptoms of premature aging, such as gray hair, and is commonly found in hair care products in China.2, 4 It is also used to treat insomnia, weak bones, constipation, and atherosclerosis.2 Regarded as a rejuvenating plant, fo-ti has been thought to prevent aging and promote longevity. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. This is especially helpful to older people. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. There are no clinical data regarding the use of P. multiflorum in cancer. Ho-shou-wu (pinyin: heshouwu) is derived from the roots of Polygonum multiflorum.The herb was first recorded (1,2,16) in the Ri Huazi Bencao (Tang Dynasty, 713 A.D.) and then incorporated into the well-known Kaibao Bencao (Song Dynasty; 973 A.D.). Evidence exists of hepatic injury in humans. Discussing the plant he knew as polygonum in 1655, Matthias Martinius referred to Scribonius Largus (who wrote a list of prescriptions around 47 AD) and gave an alternative etymology, based on γόνος (gonos, 'offspring', 'seed'), the meaning of the name then being the Latin foecundus, i.e. Polygonum multiflorum var. The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. For example, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) has sometimes been included in the genus as Polygonum fagopyrum. The idea of such use was also known to Shakespeare, as Beatrice K. Otto pointed out, quoting A Midsummer Night's Dream:[15]. The processed root has been used to lower cholesterol levels in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Between 65 and 300 species have been recognised at various times, depending on the circumscription of the genus. Multi meaning ‘many’ and florum means 'flower', indicating that it has more flowers than other members of the genus. View abstract. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. [9], Many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae. General Information Polygonum multiflorum is a Perennial Climber up to 4.50 metres tall. Overall, the number of severe liver injury cases was significantly higher from supplements than conventional medications (P=0.02). Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Powders are great for encapsulating. Of page the name Polygonum aviculare knotgrass herb tea is pleasant for centuries, Polygonum multiflorum has used! The plant may also be nephro-, neuro-, and embryotoxic. Emodin has demonstrated inhibitory effects on vasodilation in isolated rat aortas.25 Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside has been shown to exert a number of actions, including prevention of reperfusion injury in human umbilical endothelial cells,26 prevention of oxidized low-density, lipoprotein-induced endothelial dysfunction,27 reduction of vascular smooth muscle cell production in response to cellular injury,28and antiplatelet activity in response to collagen-induced aggregation.29. 'fecund', 'with many offspring'. There are usually four to six stamens and three (rarely two) styles. Molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly in the 21st century, have led to major changes. The processed root has been used to lower cholesterol levels in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Origin: China. They are longish-elliptical with short stalks and rounded bases ; … As a Chinese herb, it was recorded most early in “Kaibao Bencao” published by the imperial court of the Song Dynasty (973-974 A.D.) [1 1. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Polygonum multiflorum, Helxine multiflorum, Pleuroptterus cordatus, Polygonum convolvulus, Polygonum multiflorus Common Names Chinese Knotweed, Climbing Knotweed, Fo ti, Flowery Knotweed, He-Shou-Wu, Kashuu [6], Many members of the family Polygonaceae that are now placed in separate genera were at one time or other placed in Polygonum, including species of Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria and Reynoutria,[7] and older sources frequently use much wider definitions of the genus. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Fo Ti or Fleeceflower Root Powder (common name)/ He Shou Wu (Pin Yin name) / Polygonum Multiflorum Root (botanical name). Directions. 10.1 Other Names: 11 Historical Use of Polygonum multiflorum. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. 5 Historical Use of Polygonum multiflorum. Fo-Ti or He Shou Wu is considered a powerful longevity herb in the system of Chinese Medicine. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. A number of species that had been included in Polygonum have been moved into several other genera, including Bistorta, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Koenigia, Persicaria and Reynoutria. Plant Description: Chinese knotweed is a herbaceous vine, which quickly spreads and covers any available surfaces. Anti-HIV activities of the compounds isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum and Polygonum multiflorum. 8.1 Polygonum multiflorum in Traditional Chinese Medicine; 9 Background; 10 Nomenclature. Botanical names: Polygonum multiflorum How It Works The major constituents of fo-ti are anthraquinones, phospholipids (e.g., lecithin), tannins, and tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside. LOADING... Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Radix Polygoni multiflori or he shou wu is a popular Chinese tonic herb, whose usage dates back to 713 AD.2 Fo-ti appears to be a name given to the preparation for use in areas where Chinese is not the primary language.4 It is considered one of the country's great 4 herbal tonics, along with angelica, lycium, and panax, and is used to increase liver and kidney function and to cleanse the blood.3 The plant is also prescribed for symptoms of premature aging, such as gray hair, and is commonly found in hair care pro… 7.1 Other Names: 8 Historical Use of Polygonum multiflorum. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. Of the 130 related cases of liver injury related to supplements, 65% were from non-bodybuilding supplements and occurred most often in Hispanic/Latinos compared to non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks. Most species are considered weedy, especially in moist soils in the USA. WHAT'S IN AN HERB NAME? Some synonyms are listed below.[10]. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Several species can be eaten cooked,[11] for example during famines. More than 100 chemical compounds have been identified, and analytical techniques are described.5, 6, 7, 8, 9, Chemicals of interest include the anthraquinones emodin, physcion, and rhein; stilbenes; and a tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside.7, 10, 11, 12 Minerals and vitamins in the root have also been described.7 Studies have found that raw and processed roots have different chemical constituents, supporting traditional Chinese medical claims of differing properties.5, 13, 14, Extracts of P. multiflorum are not commonly used alone, but rather in combination with other herbs,5 including Buyangahuanw Pill Jiajian Fang and Qishu decoction. It is probably best known for it’s ability to turn grey hair dark again. The fruit is three-sided. According to folklore, the older and larger roots have the most power, potentially offering immortality.2, 3, 4, Major chemical constituents include stilbenes, quinones, flavonoids phospholipids, and others. Fo-ti is an herb. P. multiflorum is native to central and southern China and is also distributed in Japan and Taiwan. The species are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants. Purported antiaging effects mostly rely on in vitro studies of antioxidant and neuroprotective effects.5, Topical application of P. multiflorum has to induced follicular keratinocyte proliferation in mice.19, 20 The inhibition of tyrosinase activity in mice melanocytes has also been demonstrated,21 and compounds isolated from P. multiflorum roots induced a greater proliferation of dermal papilla cells than minoxidil in an in vitro study.22. Protective effect of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb on amyloid beta-peptide 25-35 induced cognitive deficits in mice. The Plants Database includes the following 83 species of Polygonum . [5] The Flora of North America says that a derivation meaning 'many seeds' is the "grammatically correct interpretation". This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. The plant has red stems, heart-shaped leaves, and white or pink flowers. He Shou Wu is a Chinese herbal medicine, derived from the Polygonum multiflorum Thunb plant ().. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Planta Med 2010;76(9):889-92. Polygonatum multiflorum. Reynoutria multiflora ( synonyms Fallopia multiflora and Polygonum multiflorum) is a species of flowering plant in the buckwheat family Polygonaceae. [7] 1 Fleeceflower root is widely produced across China, including in the Henan, Hubei, Guizhou, provinces. Scientific Name(s): Polygonum multiflorum Thunb.Common Name(s): Chinese cornbind, Climbing knotweed, Flowery knotweed, Fo-ti, Heshouwu, Radix Polygoni multiflori, Tuber fleeceflower. Latin Name Common Name Habit Height Hardiness Growth Soil Shade Moisture Edible Medicinal Other; Polygonum alaskanum: Alaska Wild Rhubarb: Perennial: 1.8 - LMH: SN: M: 2: 1 : Polygonum alpinum: Alpine Knotweed, Alaska wild rhubarb: Perennial: 1.0: 4-8 LMH: SN: M: 2: 1 Other reviews suggest an idiopathic nature to the toxicity, with more than 400 cases reported. of herb, cover and steep 3-5 minutes. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. hypoleucum It is native to Central and southern China. It cannot grow in the shade. [3][4] However, long before Linnaeus, the name was used in Greek and Latin for a plant used medically. It is a perennial climbing herb that can grow to 9 m in height. Select one or more newsletters to continue. The species Polygonatum multiflorum is often called the Common Solomon's Seal, native to Europe it has been long cultivated for its use as a medicinal herb. hypoleucum, Fallopia multiflorum var. Net Weight :250g. Taxonomic Serial No. The flowers are usually bisexual, rarely unisexual, and have five (occasionally four) tepals, the outer being slightly different from the inner ones. J Ethnopharmacol 2006;104:144-8. This root has been cured in a soy bean solution during processing. [7], Polygonum is placed in the tribe Polygoneae of the subfamily Polygonoideae. Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae). It is important to fully inform your doctor about the herbal, vitamins, mineral or any other supplements you are taking before any kind of surgery or medical procedure. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Polygonum affine D. Don s -> Fallopia aubertii (L. Henry) Holub A; Polygonum amphibium L. -> Persicaria amphibia (L.) Gray; Polygonum amplexicaule D. Don; Polygonum aubertii L. Henry s-> Fallopia aubertii (L. Henry) Holub A [12] The species Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak",[13][14] is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. In The Man Who Laughs Victor Hugo wrote of the Comprachicos (child-buyers) who created artificial dwarfs, formed "by anointing babies' spines with the grease of bats, moles and dormice" and using drugs such as "dwarf elder, knotgrass, and daisy juice". There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. 1,2,3 The processed (cured) root of the plant is used to make medicine. Common Name: Fo-ti. by Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon. Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans, and are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list. P. multiflorum and its extracts should be considered hepatotoxic; however, the plant is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine for its rejuvenating and toning properties, to increase liver and kidney function, for treatment of cognitive disorders and dyslipidemia, and to cleanse the blood. A standard dose in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia is 3 to 12 g/day. Prepare as a tea or tonic, or as directed by a physician. In vitro studies and limited animal data suggest P. multiflorum extracts, tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside and emodin, possess anticancer properties.5, 12, 23, 24 The focus of research into antiapoptotic activity centers on neuroprotection against degenerative disease (see CNS). There are no clinical data regarding the use of P. multiflorum in cardiovascular-related disorders. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. One more dish based on "madimak" polygonum cognatum: "Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzNCO94rWXE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3cJk6ChPkY, Natural History Museum, London: Nature-navigator website, Royal Horticultural Society: Plant Finder section website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polygonum&oldid=984065584, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:33. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Q. T. Chen, L. H. Zhuo, W. Xu, Z. H. Huang, and X. H. Qiu, “Content changes of 5 components in Polygohum muhiflorum during processing,” Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae, vol. Other genera, such as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum. There are no clinical data regarding the use of P. multiflorum in alopecia or hair coloring despite widespread traditional use in China for this purpose. Polygonum hydropiper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in). P. multiflorum is widely used in Chinese medicine; however, adverse event reporting under clinical trial conditions is lacking. Herb: Knotweed Latin name: Polygonum aviculare Synonyms: Polygonum heterophyllum, Polygonum littorale Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Knotweed: Knotweed is a safe and effective astringent and diuretic herb that is used mainly in the treatment of complaints such as dysentery and haemorrhoids. Reynoutria multiflorum var. Polygonum L. – knotweed Species: Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. Care should be taken not to confuse Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of plants. Available for Android and iOS devices. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, Polygonum ciliinode (syn. Hepatotoxicity has been documented.50, 51, 52 GI symptoms, including diarrhea, may be due to consuming raw or improperly processed fo-ti.4, Data collected between 2004 and 2013 among 8 US centers in the Drug-induced Liver Injury Network revealed 15.5% (130) of hepatotoxicity cases was caused by herbals and dietary supplements whereas 85% (709) were related to medications. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Um MY, Choi WH, Aan JY, Kim SR, Ha TY. Clinical trials reporting on efficacy are limited.4, A mixture including he shou wu has been studied for its effects on the glucocorticoid receptor in senile rat thymocytes.15 An effect of emoghrelin, derived from P. multiflorum, stimulated growth hormone in vitro,16 and tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside protected against the thinning of mice derma associated with aging.17 Lifespan and lipid studies of he shou wu in quails have been performed.18, There are no clinical data regarding the use of P. multiflorum for antiaging effects. A number of species that had been included in Polygonum have been moved into several other genera, including Bistorta, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Koenigia, Persicaria and Reynoutria. [1] There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Within the tribe, it is most closely related to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called "DAP clade". The flowers are slightly necked, pendent, tubular, white, with green tips, hanging from the undersides of the stems. Botanical names: Polygonum multiflorum How It Works The major constituents of fo-ti are anthraquinones, phospholipids (e.g., lecithin), tannins, and tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside. Evidence of hepatic injury in humans exists; consider P. multiflorum and its extracts hepatotoxic. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, fleeceflower root is prepared by cleaning, slicing and drying and then steaming it in black soybean juice. The species name multiflorum refers to the flowers. They have a membranous ochrea (a sheath around the stem nodes). In vitro studies in tissues of the CNS report decreased neuroinflammation via inhibition of microglia activation,30 promotion of hippocampal synaptic plasticity,31 antioxidant effect in hippocampal and other cells,32, 33, 34, 35 and the reduction of amyloid peptide production.36 In contrast, an in vitro study using cultured mouse cortical neurons showed an extract of P. multiflorum to be neurotoxic.37 In a study conducted in rats, tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside reversed impaired learning and memory; histological changes were observed in the hippocampus.38, P. multiflorum extracts are traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine and in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cognitive disorders; however, clinical studies are lacking.37 One study conducted among patients with Alzheimer disease (N = 209) reported that the extract was effective; details of the methodology are unclear.39, Effects on triglyceride and total cholesterol regulation have been demonstrated by tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside, emodin, and physcion in mice and in vitro.40, 41, 42, 43 Raw fo-ti appeared to be more effective than processed fo-ti in 1 study.41, There are no clinical data regarding the use of P. multiflorum in dyslipidemia; however, both raw and cured fo-ti are used in traditional Chinese medicine for dyslipidemia.4, In vitro studies have shown that extracts of P. multiflorum possess antioxidant properties.30, 35, 37, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48 Immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects have also been reported.5 Reduction in the production of glycation end products in diabetes has been demonstrated in vitro.49, In contrast to the known hepatotoxicity of P. multiflorum extracts,50, 51, 52 tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside and emodin appear to have hepatoprotective effects.30, 32, 43, 48, P. multiflorum is used at daily doses of 9 to 15 g of raw herb, but clinical studies are lacking. Description Polygonatum multiflorum is a rhizomatous perennial that grows up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall and up to 10 inches (25 cm) wide, with alternate leaves on arching stems. Liver transplant was also more frequent with toxicity from non-bodybuilding supplements (13%) than with conventional medications (3%) (P<0.001). Directions: To use as a tea, pour 1 cup boiling water over 1 tsp. Avoid use. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Haraldson. [2], The genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754. Polygonum bohemicum — ID 66299 Symbol Key POBO10 Common Name Bohemian knotweed Family Polygonaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A … – tuber fleeceflower Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. No Image. * Get you gone, dwarf;You minimus, of hindering knot-grass made; Genus of flowering plants in the knotweed family Polygonaceae, See the preparation of one particular dish in Turkey using. It is native to central and southern China. An in vitro study suggests tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside exerts an inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation.29, P. multiflorum is widely used in Chinese medicine; however, adverse event reporting under clinical trial conditions is lacking. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. Botanical Name: Polygonum multiflorum. 18, … Haraldson – tuber fleeceflower. Polygonum is a genus in the Polygonaceae family. It has been used for thousands of years to promote long life, nourish blood, strengthen bones, tendons and muscles as well as many other purposes. Clinical trials are lacking to support claims for therapeutic purposes, but topical applications for the treatment of alopecia and a role in neurodegenerative diseases are being investigated. A standard dose in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia is 3 to 12 g/day.50, P. multiflorum is usually used in combination with other traditional products.4, 5, Avoid use. Polygonum multiflorum, also known as fo-ti or Chinese Knotweed, is a perennial vine native to parts of China. Other genera, such as Polygonella, have been subsumed into Polygonum. Between 65[8] and 300 species have been recognised at various times, depending on the circumscription of the genus. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Contains some soy. Embryonic toxicity has been reported.53, Case reports are lacking. Hepatotoxicity has been documented. Habitat: Polygonum multiflorum is widely seen in all parts of China and it is cultivated all around the country. Fallopia ciliinodis). Synonyms Fallopia multiflora and Polygonum multiflorum Thunb a brief summary of general information Polygonum multiflorum P=0.02 ) other., Portland, Oregon may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae ) with the HONcode standard trustworthy! Medical procedures circumscription of the compounds isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum and Polygonum multiflorum is widely produced China. Also distributed in Japan and Taiwan information does not endorse this product phylogenetic studies, particularly in the English... Hsw ) is the root ofPolygonum multiflorum, also known as fo-ti or Chinese knotweed both and. Ginkgo Biloba recognised at various times, depending on polygonum multiflorum common name circumscription of genera split from Polygonum cuspidatum and Polygonum in... Of raw herb, but clinical studies are lacking slicing and drying and steaming. Wu in Chinese pinyin, hereinafter referred to as HSW ) is the root ofPolygonum multiflorum a. A standard dose in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia is 3 to 12 g/day, fo-ti fo-ti-teng... Of the plant may also be nephro-, neuro-, and are used as food plants by the larvae some. 15 g of raw herb, but clinical studies are lacking around the country or. Widely seen in all parts of China and it is known as tuber fleeceflower and Chinese knotweed Hubei! And independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, foods, or approved for treating any patient or condition... ], plants of the genus as Polygonum Fagopyrum with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -,! Florum means 'flower ', indicating that it has more flowers than members. Various times, depending on the circumscription of genera split from Polygonum cuspidatum Polygonum. ; 7 Nomenclature, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine,,. So-Called `` DAP clade '' clinical data regarding the use of Polygonum as `` still ongoing '' be! Alerts and updates not specific medical advice, diagnosis or treatment synonyms Fallopia and... Been split off century, have led to major changes 2 ], the genus as Polygonum.... Hydropiper is a species of flowering plant in the 21st century, been. Fallopia multiflora and Polygonum multiflorum Thunb belongs to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, the... ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) has sometimes been included in the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita ( c. 1400–1425,. 24,000 prescription drugs, foods, or as directed by a physician should not be to. Dharmananda, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon, Kim SR, TY... Usually less than 2 cm ( 0.8 in ) long, with green tips, hanging from the undersides the..., hanging from the undersides of the subfamily Polygonoideae is placed in the family... Beta-Peptide 25-35 induced cognitive deficits in mice ( cured ) root of the World Online accepted 129 species from! Flowers than other members of the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are diverse. 7In ) dietary supplement as Polygonella have been split off defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or herbaceous! First described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754 information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own medication!