I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. This is true in all keys, as you can check easily using the table above and the one in our previous lesson on the major scale. You can construct the minor scale in any key by following this formula of whole/half steps. This is the order of whole-steps and half-steps that make up the minor scale. The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. The two notes removed are the 2nd and 6th intervals. The minor scale also contains 7 notes (heptatonic) but differs in the fact that the 3rd, 6th and 7th steps are flattened by one semitone or fret on the guitar. Let’s go back to our parent scale, the C major scale (aka C Ionian mode). - Nate Savage, 107-31265 Wheel Ave. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as … Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback. For instance, since the 6th degree of F major is D, the relative minor of F major is D minor.. We tend to say that major scales have a ‘happier’ and ‘cheerier’ sound, whereas minor scales have The F Minor is relative to Ab Major. This is the pattern of choice when you want to play a faster lick. This is very similar to the dorian scale, however this time we have a minor 6th note, rather than a major 6th note. Once you feel comfortable with it, pull up the jam track and try playing the scale along to it. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. The first way is to start with the major scale. This is called the scale formula. We'll be looking at three ways to build the natural minor scale in this guitar lesson. The first letter in our formula is a “W”, which means you have to take the note 2 frets higher than E, that is an F# and write it down. Yes, C melodic minor over the B7 = B altered scale. For an example of a natural minor scale, let’s look at the E minor scale. This combination of notes is called the minor scale. Play the notes in the number order shown below. Since pentatonic scales contain 5 notes, we need to remove two from the minor scale in order to get the minor pentatonic. Like the major scale, the minor scale can be constructed from scratch by applying the following formula, WHWWHWW (W = Whole tone and H = Half/Semi-tone). The harmonic minor scale has a very "Gothic" or "Medieval" sound which comes from the major seventh interval opposing the minor third. Based on the idea that each finger controls one fret (the index finger actually controls two frets). Starting on the 1st (or root) note of a scale, you’d use this formula to play the natural minor scale with the following intervals: • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step. By Desi Serna . There are many more scales for guitar of course, and each of them is used to express different emotions. Get the FREE Beginner Guitar Starter Kit! Today we have seen how the minor scale is built and some different ways of playing it on the guitar. This makes it less ‘characterful’ but perhaps more versatile, as it can be used over a greater number of chord progressions in the rock / pop genre. Minor Pentatonic Scale Connections How to connect the common first pattern of the minor pentatonic scale to parts of the neighboring scale patterns for a wider range of notes to use in the scale. We will use the A minor scale (A B C D E F G), but you can apply all the following patterns to any other key just by moving them up or down on the fretboard. To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. A pattern that repeats itself every two strings, and so it is easier to remember and to use in improvisation. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. T = Tone [whole step] • S = Semitone [half step] • TS = Tone + Semitone (minor 3rd interval) Note that the scale is made up of two sequences of TS T joined by a T. 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