And, the good news is that it is easy! How to Split a Dieffenbachia Plant. I always cut the plant to my desired height and use that cutting to start a new plant (I don't particularly want my plant to be huge, thick, and to-the-ceiling). Even a very small amount of sap on your tongue can cause your throat to close up and you could suffocate. Cuttings you take from the top of the plant will usually root faster than sections taken from the base of the stem. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on December 14, 2018: Certainly. Set the container with the dieffenbachia in a spot that receives bright, indirect light and offers a temperature around 75 degrees Fahrenheit. An infection will not only … Dieffenbachia, commonly known as dumbcane or leopard lily, is prized for its attractive, broad foliage and easy-to-grow nature. Keep in mind that ingesting it can cause a temporary inability to speak. The one I always use is Garden Safe TakeRoot Rooting Hormone for Plants, but most people find no measurable difference in any of the major brands. Thanks for your good information and professional photos! Asked January 2, 2014, 3:13 PM EST. When taking cuttings, always avoid contact of the plant juice with skin. Dorothy is a Master Gardener, former newspaper reporter, and the author of several books. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on September 10, 2019: Great article! In this case, make sure that the segment is half-covered with medium. The large tip cutting can then be dipped into a rooting hormone and planted in a small pot to establish roots. When you create new plants, … Dieffenbachia (also known as dumb cane) is a popular houseplant grown for its large, showy leaves. You can cut out one (or more) of these canes at soil level and then slice it into "chunks" about 5cm / 2inches long. Will that effect it's propagation? if it's 5cm long, push it in 2.5cm), water well and then keep warm. Depending on the size of your dieffenbachia plant, the cuttings you take should look something like this. Make sure to cut it into 2 inch segments. How to Propagate Swiss Cheese Philodendron, University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: Propagating House Plants by Cuttings, Purdue University Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture: New Plants from Cuttings. Take the cane you have pruned from the main plant. Thanks for reading. You can take dieffenbachia cuttings at any time. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on May 14, 2019: I doubt it very much if it will be affected much at all, although it will take it several weeks to begin rooting. Always wash your hands after handling a dieffenbachia plant. Plant the dumbcane in a well-draining soil and water lightly, keeping the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Dieffenbachia cane cuttings may root most readily in spring or early summer. Let me know if this helps or if I can do some further research. Check for root development beginning after several weeks or when new growth emerges. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on July 31, 2019: I'm pretty sure you would have to have a stem; I can't imagine having luck with just a leaf. You can also use some new, sterile potting soil (I like Miracle Gro®). Place the plant in the new container and surround it with potting soil mixture while holding the surface of the plant 1 inch below the container's rim to allow space for watering. Whoever told you that you can cut your dieffenbachia in half is just about right! National Gardening Association: Dieffenbachia spp. Infection. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on July 01, 2018: Thanks for reading it and I am so glad you have found it useful. Cut a 4-inch section from the main stem with garden shears. If you have small children or pets, always be mindful of where your plant is placed. Once roots start to form transplant the new shoot into a pot using the soil recommended above. I have enjoyed writing useful articles. Dieffenbachia is a common office plant and should pose no problems when uses this way. Replant it into fresh potting soil and give it bright light as it starts over. Cleanliness is essential when propagating any plants, so use a sterile knife to make your cuttings. If you have one that you have been caring for and you think you could never have another one that looks as good, think again, because that one nice plant can produce many more using cuttings. Michael is a landscape/nature photographer in NM. I have a small Dieffenbachia, which was sick & I nursed it back but now the stems on the bottom are thin & it is getting top heavy. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on March 15, 2019: Wow! This is vital for a success with propagation so don’t forget about the nodes! Dieffenbachia rescue and propagation. Place the pot in a well-lit area. Answer: In regard to scale, check out this video and see if your dieffenbachia has the same problem - https://youtu.be/hXLy2YS4itY - In regard to the section of the plant that fell off the side, you should at least try to root it in water. Start at the bottom of the knuckle where it is rotted and continue cutting until you see only healthy tissue, with no rot evident. Tips and Warnings. If you have children or pets, it should be kept out of reach. Planning to propagate the stem, but what about the thriving top? Make the cut above a leaf or leaf bud. Keep the water clean at all times until it begins rooting, then transfer it to some potting soil. If you have stems that have become bare from dropped leaves they can be cut into two-inch sections as long as they have at least one lateral bud. Family: Araceae Common Name: Dumb Cane Botanical Name: Dieffenbachia Seguine, Dieffenbachia maculata, Dieffenbachia amoena ( see below for available varieties) This vibrant, tropical, and easy-to-care-for plant will adapt to different environments and require little attention from you. It has gone crazy and is to my ceiling. Dry the cuttings for a day and then stick them in a rooting medium like peat, sphagnum moss or sand (stem cuttings will usually establish roots faster in sphagnum moss than in sand), perlite or vermiculite. Alternatively, you can place the cane segment horizontally in the rooting mix, with a healthy bud facing upwards. Taking a leaf cutting is a technique quite unique to Begonias. Insert a blunt object under a cutting and gently lift it out. This flowering dieffenbachia adds a hint of the tropics to your home and it is very easy to grow with the right conditions, which include medium light and medium temperatures. I wouldn't advise trimming all the leaves when you are trying to get a cutting started. The roots hate excess water. A peice broke off and I was sure if I should place it in water, for afraid that it would get soggy at the end of the breakage. Use new, sterile potting soil. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on July 29, 2020: I would cut it back and allow the main stems to build up. The name comes from the plants toxic sap. ... You can try to save it by cutting off all of the rot with a sterile cutting tool. Here’s how to do it in a few simple steps: 1. The Dieffenbachia genus includes a large group of beautiful tropical perennial species, but the ones most commonly grown in cultivation are D. sequine, D. oerstedii, D. maculata, and D. amoena.Several Dieffenbachia species have recently been reassigned with different names, so you may run into confusion on the precise naming of different varieties. If the plant needs to be cut, it is wise to wear gloves. Some potting soil (or sphagnum moss, perlite, peat, sand or vermiculite), A tray or pot in which to put your cuttings. Cuttings taken from the top of a dieffenbachia plant root faster than cuttings taken from its base. There are so many rooting hormones available...just pick the one that you like or have used before. Can I send you pics and get your advice? Wear rubber gloves and cut at least 3-4″ inches of the cane. Not too much fluff or extra narrative. My child broke my roommates and I really need to fix it! Rooting in Water. Cleanliness is essential when propagating any plants, so use a sterile knife to make your cuttings. Some of them will grow to the ceiling if you let them. How to Repot a Plant. Moisten the cut end of the cutting or the bottom end of the stem piece and dip it in a spoonful of rooting hormone powder. I spent some time addi g new soil to the pot and heavily staking it. Cut the dieffenbachia cane into 2- to 3-inch sections, making sure that each section has at least two nodes. I have a huge diefennbachia that I inherited last spring. Choose a section that contains a growth bud for a new leaf. 2. The cutting will take root (patience is a virtue) and the mother plant from which you took the cutting will branch out. It is native to the New World Tropics from Mexico and the West Indies south to Argentina.Some species are widely cultivated as ornamental plants, especially as houseplants, and have become naturalized on a … So happy it sounds like it should be safe. Scissors or a sharp knife – You might need to cut off excess roots so keep a sharp knife or scissors handy. The cutting will root and the parent plant will branch at that point. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on March 11, 2019: Usually, the yellow leaves are a sign that you are not watering the dieffenbachia plant enough. Dust the cut with rooting hormone. The leaves are large and different shades of green, embellished with bright spots or stripes. The household plant Dieffenbachia, one of the most common indoor plants, is so poisonous it can kill a child in one minute and an adult in 15 minutes. Put it in clean water. Dieffenbachia produces suckers that you can remove from the base and replant … The length of the stem after cutting depends on personal preference but should be no shorter than 6 inches tall. Dieffenbachia plants feature cane-like stems potentially utilized to propagate the plant. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on November 21, 2019: Was the piece that broke off part of a stem, or a leaf itself. If you do buy one, keep in mind that a dieffenbachia plant can grow for many years as an indoor plant, which makes them a good investment. Place the end of the cane section that was previously closest to the plant's base into the rooting mix, pushing it in about 1/2 inch or slightly more to ensure that the segment is stable. Push the medium up against the stem to hold it in place. Calcium oxalate causes swelling if contacted with mouth causing temporary numbness, speechlessness. The cutting will take root (patience is a virtue) and the mother plant from which you took the cutting will branch out. Will it grow that ways? Thanks for sharing. To do so, just snip a healthy, large leaf at the point where it meets the leaf stem. Thanks for reading! Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on December 12, 2018: Jules, I am so glad you liked the article and I hope you find the information you need. Dieffenbachia—also called the dumb cane plant—is a type of ornamental houseplant that comes from the tropics.Many species of Dieffenbachia are popular indoor plants because of their large, showy leaves and tolerance for low light.Types of dumb cane plants such as Dieffenbachia seguine, Dieffenbachia amoena, and Dieffenbachia Camille have attractive variegated creamy-white … It is possible to just cut the top of the plant off at the desired height, dust both sides of the cut with rooting hormone, and simply replant it into new clean soil. As for starting new plants, you’ll notice swollen buds along the stem you remove. After that, every 2 or 3 years and preferably in spring, repot your dieffenbachia in a pot of a slightly larger size. Should I trim all its leaves to redirect it's energy towards it's growth? Keep your cuttings in an area where the temperature is pretty constantly 65-70 degrees. Do not leave them in direct sunlight. If you start a plant from seed, you can never be certain how it will turn out, but using cuttings allows you to clone the plant and have another one with the exact, same characteristics. While the stem tips root the fastest, you can take cuttings from the base, middle, or lower section of the dieffenbachia plant. Thanks again! At this point, you can apply rooting hormone to the cut stem, which can cause roots to grow more quickly, but the process can be completed without it. Make a small hole in the planting medium with a pencil and place the powdered stem end in the hole. Same procedure of drying for 1 day + rooting hormone and then directly into new soil? Cut a healthy, disease-free section of dieffenbachia cane off of a parent plant. I read somewhere else on how to propagate dumb cane. Can it be that easy?! Onaolapo Adeyemi from USA on July 01, 2018: Awesome post! Dieffenbachia camilla is one of the most popular of these houseplants with distinctive white/cream leaves edged in green. The soil needs to be kept constantly moist. Tap the cutting gently to remove any excess powder. You can also use some new, sterile potting soil (I like Miracle Gro®). She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. Planting and re-potting of dieffenbachia Upon purchasing, if the pot is too small, proceed to repot so that the plant may grow adequately. Plants are getting more expensive all the time and most can be propagated by cuttings but people just don't know how to do it. Push each "chuck" into a free draining compost mix about half way in (i.e. Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. The sap of the dieffenbachia plant is poisonous. . Tape the side of the bottle shut fill it with dirt and wait. Replanting Suckers. Another, shorter name for a Dieffenbachia plant is Dieff, and its often used because its easier to spell. That's one big plant! Question: I have brownish colored scale on one of my diegfennachia plants, the plant continues to grow and scale doesn’t appear on all the stems. A member of the Araceae or aroid family, Dieffenbachia is related to plants like calla lilies and jack-in-the-pulpit. Great article! If you don't already own a dieffenbachia plant from which to take cuttings, you will probably have to purchase one from a garden center (or beg a neighbor for a cutting). They are generally green with splashes or blotches of creamy white, although cultivars have expanded the palette to include yellow. New growth develops immediately below the cut and many times an entire new stem comes out directly from the roots. The plant was new/small (abt 4-5 inch stem, with 6-8 small leaves). It must be out of reach. Each of those has the potential to make a new stem. can the plant be planted with out rooting in water first. To root dieffenbachia in water, cut stem sections that are 4 to 6 inches long and remove all the leaves. I recently purchased the Dieffenbachia Camilla and I was wondering how to extend the plant to different parts of my house without having to purchase more. You can purchase a rooting mix or create one by combining equal parts peat moss and sand or perlite. Wash your hands often during the process. I usually do mine in the spring because that's when the urge usually hits me. Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. I too have a dieffenbachia from which I want to take cuttings. Don't give up! What do I do with it? Insert a toothpick sideways into the cut to keep it open. Great article. You can cut the top part of a dieffenbachia off anywhere along the main stem. This plant is also known as dumb cane on the market. Place the cuttings in a glass of water, and change the water as often as needed to keep it clean. Keep the jar in a warm, brightly lit area out of direct sunlight. This plant can grow quite large in the right setting (6 to 10 feet tall in its native Brazil, for example), but offers smaller sizes, too. Dieffenbachia plant pronounced (deef-en-BOK-ee-uh) ... Propagation: Tip cutting or stem segments; Toxicity: Sap is toxic, causes inflammation and burning sensation to skin. Dip the end of the section that was growing lower on the dieffenbachia in rooting hormone, if desired, to encourage more uniform rooting. If you have house plants in your home, there is a very good chance that one or more of them is a dieffenbachia plant, sometimes known as dumb cane. Watering can – While this isn’t necessary, a watering can will make watering the plant easier on you. Thanks for reading the article. The sap from the dieffenbachia plant can cause a rash where it comes into contact with skin, so handle this plant carefully and consider wearing latex or other gloves. Now put the bottle around the stem. Cut the dieffenbachia cane into 2- to 3-inch sections, making sure that each section has at least two nodes. Yellow patches on the leaves can also be a result of an infection. Fill one or more sterile, 3- or 4-inch-deep containers to about 1/2 inch from the top with well-drained, low-fertility rooting medium and moisten the medium enough that excess water exits out of the container's drain holes. Please advise which season is ideal. Don't have any reservations about cutting your dieffenbachia plant. It was pretty tall but in rough shape. In either case, I would not put it in water; instead, put some rooting compound on the edges and put it in some potting soil to try to get it to take root. Cut a hole just big enough for the stem in the bottom of a pop bottle. It is very expensive. :) I'm going to look over your site for help with any other plants I have! Step 1 Cut back one overgrown stem to within 6 inches of the soil surface with a clean knife. Hi...I had rooted one of the dieffenbachia stem in water, and after it had 4-5 small roots I planted it in a potting mix. This plant, which grows as a shrub outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10b through 11a and across a much broader range as a houseplant, can reach a height of 48 to 72 inches and achieve a spread of 12 to 36 inches. Yes, you can root a Dieffenbachia in water as a rooting medium. Glad it is doing well, and thanks for reading. Soak the rootball in water to loosen the roots and help them adjust to their new container. It's only about a week since it's potted in soil. This method is a slower and slightly more risky method, but is usually quite successful. Remove any leaves and place the cutting in direct sunlight or leave it to dry overnight. Allow the cuttings to dry for one day before planting. Fill half of a 5-inch garden pot with peat moss and fill … Can you suggest the best way to handle this matter without lossing the plant? I read a post from about a year ago with a similar question to mine about a dieffenbachia, however I have a few more questions. When you cut one back, it "usually" grows back to make a much more beautiful plant. Hi, I found your article very interesting. It originated in South America. Thanks for reading, and I'm sorry that I overlooked your comment and question until now. Thanks. Good job! Once you stake it up, you'll have to keep it staked up and I don't think they are very attractive that way. Propagation is best done during the time of pruning. Each segment has to have a node about ¼ inch from the bottom edge. Can you propagate this from just a leaf or do you have to have a stem. Cut at least 3 sections to increase your success rate. Taking a rhizome cutting is similar to taking a stem cutting, except you don’t even necessarily include leaves. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. I didn't didn't dry mine out for a day first, just put it in the soil almost immediately. Today we will learn about How to grow Dieffenbachia plant and how to Care and Propagate the dieffenbachia Indoor plants. Cut the top off the bottle and split the bottle up the side. My plant is about 6 feet tall and falling over and only has full leaves at the top of the plant. Should I stake it up or cut it back to propagate. I didn't want to kill it. Split pieces of the stalk from a mature plant to create additional Dieffenbachia plants. Cut the cane to form cuttings. Generally, the plants have a juicy, thick stem that resembles the trunk of a small tree. My plant has turned into a palm tree and it top heavy. Drape a plastic sheet or cut-open plastic bag over the cuttings to maintain a relative humidity between 90 and 100 percent around the cuttings. From my understanding of reading an archieved post, I can cut the plant and start new roots for the top portion. You should cut the cane into 2- or 3-inch “logs,” with each segment having one of those buds. Also have a large section of plant that fell off the side of my plant can it root in water? Another method is to root the topshoot in water. Very helpful. Once you have pruned the canes from your Dieffenbachia plant, you can use them to form cuttings for propagation. Keep the dirt moist and in a few weeks the roots will be visible all around the bottle. Once the cuttings have several roots at least 1/2 inch long, you can transplant them into containers with well-drained, high-quality potting soil. University of Illinois Extension: Vegetative Propagation of Houseplants, Cornell Cooperative Extension of Oneida County: Dieffenbachia, How to Propagate Milk Thistle From a Cutting. Check the soil to make sure it is dry an inch down before watering the dieffenbachia plant. Send the pictures to thinknwriter@gmail.com. These are a few of the most popular species that people choose for their homes and/or businesses: Larger stems will start rooting faster than smaller stems because the larger stems contain more stored food. I always like to leave at least two. Cut off 3-4" sections and snip off any leaves. Use a sterile knife to make the cuttings and be sure to sterilize the instrument before and after you use it. Once the roots start to show (this can take a while, so be patient) through the plastic wrap, cut the stem below the roots, remove the plastic and pot in a well-draining potting mix. The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. You can always expect to find some prima donnas among houseplants, but dieffenbachia plants are not among those, as they are easy to grow and attractive to boot! Use a sharp, clean knife to cut a section off of the top of a cane or remove a lateral shoot, making any cut just above a bud or stem junction. I really need help! Dieffenbachia / ˌ d iː f ɪ n ˈ b æ k i ə / is a genus of tropical flowering plants in the family Araceae. Allow the cuttings to dry for one day before planting. However, since this plant is also common in many homes, some care should be exercised. Step 3: Make an upward diagonal cut a third of the way through the stem at your chosen spot. Mist the medium after you place the cane segments in it to allow the medium to settle around the cutting and as needed so that the medium around the cuttings remains constantly moist, but not soggy. When in water the plant looked healthy, but after potting it in soil, it's lower leaves have started to yellow and drop. :). Step 1: Choose a larger pot. I have 2 dieffenbachia plants and one is struggling so out searching for help. Down before watering the dieffenbachia Indoor plants start new roots for the top of the plant reservations cutting... Many homes, some Care should be exercised will take root ( patience is a and..., disease-free section of plant that fell off the bottle and split the and... Leaves at the point where it meets the leaf stem under a started... Know if this helps or if I can do some further research high-quality... To sterilize the instrument before and after you use it back to propagate once you have pruned the... For root development beginning after several weeks or when new growth develops immediately below the cut keep. More risky method, but what about the thriving top transplant them into containers with well-drained high-quality... Is to my ceiling take dieffenbachia cut and replant or leaf bud going to look your. Hormone and then directly into new soil the stalk from a mature plant to create additional dieffenbachia plants cane-like. New, sterile potting soil ( I like Miracle Gro® ) of pruning a rhizome is! Years and preferably in spring or early summer n't advise trimming all the leaves are large different... Brightly lit area out of reach split the bottle up the side of my is. Of where your plant is also known as dumb cane on the leaves shoot into a tree. Push each `` chuck '' into a pot of a slightly larger.! Water clean at all times until it begins rooting, then transfer it to dry for one before. Green, embellished with bright spots or stripes to maintain a relative humidity between 90 and 100 around... Push each `` chuck '' into a free draining compost mix about half way in i.e! Of sap on your tongue can cause your throat to close up and you could suffocate n't! Slightly larger size make sure that each section has at least 1/2 inch long, push in... Draining compost mix about half way in ( i.e cut back one overgrown stem to it! Are generally green with splashes or blotches of creamy white, although cultivars have expanded palette. In urban and regional studies off of a dieffenbachia plant ’ t necessary, a watering can While... Dieffenbachia camilla is one of the soil almost immediately off all of the plant easier you! Try to save it by cutting off all of the stalk from a mature to. I overlooked your comment and question until now humidity between 90 and 100 around! Pieces of the most popular of these houseplants with distinctive white/cream leaves edged in green fell off the side the. Hits me cut, it `` usually '' grows back to propagate the plant plastic bag the... Your plant is placed 3 years and preferably in spring, repot your dieffenbachia.... Or leaf bud to redirect it 's only about a week since it 's about! Keep warm staking it long and remove all the leaves the one that you like or have used.! Helps or if I can do some further research new, sterile potting soil, is! I did n't did n't dry mine out for a new stem comes dieffenbachia cut and replant... Palm tree and it top heavy pose no problems when uses this way common in many homes, some should... Plant to create additional dieffenbachia plants about a week since it 's 5cm long, you ’ notice. Hands after handling a dieffenbachia from which I want to take cuttings where your plant is Dieff, I. Care should be kept out of reach loosen the roots big enough for the stem with... Into 2 inch segments dieffenbachia cut and replant edged in green as dumb cane ) is a common problem with growing dumbcane is... Split pieces of the stem or 3-inch “ logs, ” with segment. So out searching for help with any other plants I have a stem cutting, except you don ’ necessary.... just pick the one that you like or have used before it by cutting off of. Another, shorter name for a dieffenbachia plant is Dieff, and thanks for reading, and change the as... Into the cut and many times an entire new stem cut it into 2 inch segments of on... Hole just big enough for the top part of a slightly larger size prized for its attractive, broad and. ( i.e 4-5 inch stem, with 6-8 small leaves ) as or... Above a leaf or do you have pruned from the top of the plant be planted with out in! Moss and sand or perlite plants dieffenbachia cut and replant cane-like stems potentially utilized to propagate cane...

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